What Is a Migraine Headache? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Learn about a few of the most common migraine subtypes.
Anyone who has suffered a migraine headache can tell you how much pain they can cause and how quickly it can ruin your day. But what exactly does ‘migraine headache’ mean?
A migraine headache is a painful and sometimes chronic headache that can come on quickly, often leading to severe pain around the temple area on one side of the head, which can also extend to the face, sinuses, jaw and neck.
Other migraine symptoms that may occur either up to two days before, or during a migraine include: i,ii
• Chills or a fever
• Fatigue and/or dizziness
• Changes in appetite (loss of appetite or food cravings)
• Increased thirst or urination
• Anxiety or other mood changes
• Diarrhea (rare)
According to recent statistics, about 12 percent of the U.S. population and roughly 14.7 percent of people worldwide suffer from migraines, usually between the ages of 15 (adolescence) and 55 (menopause). iii, iv In addition, migraines have a tendency to run in families. iii
Women are three times more likely to suffer migraines than men, which is largely driven by hormonal changes. iv More than half of migraines occur right before, during, or after a woman has her period. Why this happens is still unclear, but experts think that the drop in the hormone estrogen just before your period may trigger a menstrual migraine. v Stress is another common migraine trigger.
It is important to know what type of migraine you have because management can vary for different migraine types. Here are a few of the most common types of migraine:
i. Migraine Headaches. Cleveland Clinic.
ii. Migraine. Mayo Clinic
iii. Migraine. Medline Plus
iv. Facts and figures. The Migraine Trust
v. Menstral Migraine. The Migraine Trust
vi. Migraine without aura. The Migraine Trust
vii. Migraine with aura. Mayo Clinic
Accessed on 06/12/19
viii. Ocular Migraine. Mayo Clinic.