Migraine Without Aura
When most people think about migraines, these are what come to mind. The most common migraine subtype, migraines without aura typically involve pulsing pain on one side of the head that last anywhere from 4 to 72 hours. 3 Some sufferers also experience nausea and/or sensitivity to light or sound, explains Joseph Hadi, M.D., a pain-management specialist in New York City. In women, migraine without aura is often associated with their menstrual cycle, he notes.
Migraine With Aura
For some migraine sufferers, visual disturbances (aka auras) warn of migraine pain to come, Hadi says. An aura is a warning sign of migraines that generally occurs before the headache and can last five to 60 minutes, usually for about 20 minutes. Once the migraine pain starts, most people's auras fade. 4
While rare, Hadi also notes that aura can also manifest itself as physical rather than visual symptoms. In some people, aura is experienced as a feeling of tingling or numbness in one side of the body. The feeling can often originate in the hands and spread toward the face.